The University of Fukui has been promoting the medical use of radiation as basic concept of the Faculty of Medical Sciences since it was founded in 1980. The long awaited research center to realize this mission was established in 1994 as Biomedical Imaging Research Center. The center aims to promote basic and clinical research on medical imaging by means of various non-invasive methods involving electromagnetic waves, such as X-ray and gamma ray. With its research focus on medical applications of electromagnetic waves, the Center aims to advance basic and clinical research on diagnosis and prevention of diseases by using cyclotrons and PET equipment to visualize the bodily functions and clinical conditions of patients. Biomedical imaging or molecular imaging converts the signals into images and uses the information to promote human health and deepen our understanding of life.